Friday, June 26, 2020

Building Literacy One

   The days of spring are here, which for many parents and teachers is a time to think and reflect on the past school year as well as prepare for the new year to come. Maybe like some parents you have a soon-to-be kindergarten student, and you are worried if they are going to be â€Å"ready.† Or maybe you have a kindergartener right now who could use some help developing his reading before next fall begins. Perhaps you are overwhelmed with all of the different pieces: Do they really need spelling and reading and phonics and letters and all these little bits in order to be successful? While all of these pieces are important, building literacy skills in the littlest learners is so much more than a structured â€Å"language arts† time or a step-by-step curriculum that teaches reading in â€Å"x amount of steps.† As the end of the school year approaches and summer looms on the horizon, here are a few tips and fun activities that you can use to help build literacy skills in your student or child through the summer and into next year. One impactful way to build literacy is by reading aloud in huge quantities. Read to your student a wide variety of material in copious amounts, making sure to include some quality literature that is above the child’s current reading level. If you need some suggestions, here is our IEW Booklist to get you started. Need even more suggestions or encouragement? Sarah Mackenzie at Read Aloud Revival has an abundance of recommendations for you. Spread a blanket outside, and spend some time reading at the park this summer. Grab a few audiobooks from the library for your next family road-trip. Even just fifteen minutes a day adds up to seven hours a month and ninety hours a year! Building vocabulary and sentence structure is another important pre-literacy skill. Nursery rhymes and other rhyming songs are a great way to practice those skills and an easy activity to do on the go. You likely have heard such favorites as â€Å"Down by the Bay† and â€Å"Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star.† Kids love rhyming and songs! Download a few classics to listen to while running errands, or start a family sing-along in the car. Another great option is poetry memorization with IEW’s Linguistic Development through Poetry Memorization course. Listening to and memorizing poetry helps produce a strong and powerful language database! Here are some other short and simple, yet powerful ideas for building language in your students. Name Game: While you are out running errands, playing at the park, or driving on a cross-country road trip, ask â€Å"What is this?† or â€Å"Where is he/she going?† Everyday Words: As you are folding laundry or making dinner, dialogue out loud about the steps of the process. Show your children the ingredients for dinner, for example, and point them out on the recipe as you cook together. Rhyming Riddles: Make up riddles and guessing games, using words that rhyme or words that start with the same sounds. For example, â€Å"What kind of cake would a snake make? He might make a lake cake.† The rhymes can be silly and fun and will get the child thinking about words and listening for rhymes. Letter Search: Point out words on signs and in stores. Begin a search for the letter that begins the names of those your student would know. Read the stop signs and the other traffic signs aloud when you are out driving. Find letters on products, on signs, and on television. Match the letters with first or last names. Play â€Å"Letter of the Day,† in which you decide on a letter and go on a hunt for it. Word Maker: Make magnetic letters available and play with them on a surface such as the refrigerator. Spell simple words and have your child repeat them. As the breezy spring days move past into the warm days of summer, let me encourage you with this. Building literacy and reading skills does not always have to be a structured, everyday, expensive curriculum-based type of approach. With some intentionality and the foundation of a love for learning and language as your goal, enjoy this time! Spend your days soaking up lots of good books, memorizing poetry, singing lots of songs, and above all, having fun! You might even find yourself singing the songs and learning the poems right along with your students.    Jessica Walker was homeschooled in Southern California and graduated from CSULB with a degree in Liberal Arts with an emphasis in Elementary Education. She moved to Oklahoma after getting married to  Mikael  Walker. Before Jessica began working for IEW as a Customer Service Agent, she taught kindergarten  and first grade for two years. Jessica enjoys working with the IEW team, spending time with family, and making crafts. Log in or register to post commentsJessica Walkers blog Log in or register to post comments

Sunday, May 24, 2020

How to Apply for Federal Student Aid Using the FASFA

You want to go to college so you can make a lot of money but you dont have a lot of money, so you cant go to college. Congratulations! You have just met the main requirements for getting federal student aid. The U.S. Department of Education provides more than $67 billion in loans, grants and campus-based aid every year to assist millions of students and their families pay for postsecondary education. This feature presents an overview of the types of federal student financial aid available, eligibility requirements and the application process. Handy links directly to detailed information from the Department of Education are provided throughout. Federal Student Loan Programs The governments Stafford Loan program offers both subsidized and unsubsidized student loans.   Subsidized loans require proof of financial need. All interest on subsidized loans is paid by the government while the student is actually enrolled at least half-time and during certain periods, such as  deferment and forbearance. Unsubsidized loans are available regardless of financial need. The student must pay all interest on unsubsidized loans. The Direct PLUS program offers unsubsidized loans to parents of dependent students. The parents must pay all interest on Direct PLUS loans. Amounts that can be borrowed, repayment options and interest rates vary greatly and can be modified during the term of the loan. For details on federal student loan programs, see: Federal Direct Student Loans - Information For Students (Note: Some teachers and childcare providers may be able to cancel payment of portions of their federal student loans. See: Loan Cancellation for Teachers and Cancellation for Childcare Providers.) Federal Pell Grants Unlike loans, federal Pell Grants do not have to be paid back. Eligibility is based on financial need. Maximum amounts available vary yearly as determined by Congress. Besides financial need, the amount of a Pell grant also depends on costs to attend school, the students status as a full- or part-time student, and the students plans to attend school for a full academic year or less. Pell grant funds are paid directly to the student by the school at least once each semester, trimester, or quarter. Campus-Based Aid Programs Campus-based programs like the Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG), Federal Work-Study (FWS), and Federal Perkins Loan programs are administered directly by the financial aid office at each participating school. Federal funds for these programs are given to the schools and distributed to students at the schools discretion. Amounts students can receive depends on individual financial need, amounts of other aid the student receives and the total availability of funds at the school. Basic Eligibility Requirements for Student Aid Eligibility for federal student aid is determined on the basis of financial need and on several other factors. The financial aid administrator at the college or career school you plan to attend will determine your eligibility. Basically, to receive aid from federal programs, you must: qualify for financial need (except for certain loans); have a high school diploma or a General Education Development (GED) certificate, or pass a test approved by the U.S. Department of Education; be working toward a degree or certificate; be enrolled in an eligible program; be a U.S. citizen or eligible non-citizen; have a valid Social Security Number; register with the Selective Service if required; and maintain satisfactory academic progress once in school. Under federal law, persons who have been convicted under federal or state law of the sale or possession of drugs are not eligible for federal student aid. If you have a conviction or convictions for these offenses, call the Federal Student Aid Information Center at 1-800-4-FED-AID (1-800-433-3243) to find out if, or how, this law applies to you. Even if you are ineligible for federal aid, the Education Department urges you to complete a Free Application for Federal Student Aid, because you may be eligible for nonfederal aid from states and private institutions. How to Apply for Student Aid - The FASFA The Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) can be used to apply for all loans, grants, and campus-based student aid programs. The FASFA can be completed online or on paper. The FAFSA Web site takes you through every step of the process and provides all the information you need to apply for federal student aid. Applicants can access worksheets to estimate their incomes, electronically sign loan documents, save an application at any computer and print a complete report. How easy is the FAFSA online application process? In 2000, over 4 million student loan applications were processed online, a number the Department of Education expects to top 6 million during 2002. Between Jan. 1 and March 1, 2002, over 500,000 applications had already been processed online. Questions? If you have any questions, or require additional information on student financial assistance, you may contact your high school guidance counselor, the financial aid officer at the postsecondary school you plan to attend, or the Federal Student Aid Information Center, open seven days a week, from 8 a.m. to midnight (Eastern Time). You can also find free information about federal, state, institutional, and private student aid in your high school counselors office or local librarys reference section (usually listed under student aid or financial aid.)

Monday, May 18, 2020

The Impact Of Technology On Media, Culture, And Society

The everyday lives of people have changed a great deal due to the advent of technology. They have become easier, faster, more comfortable, and dynamic. But, at the same time, our lives have become lethargic and anti-social, just like the computers and smartphones that have become a part of our lives. The technology has enriched our lives and enlightened our minds, but in pursuit of its cozy comforts, people tend to rely on it too much, so much that they can’t even imagine living without it. Throughout this essay, I will explain the effective impact of technology on media, culture, and society and will compare and contrast them. The first topic in this paper is media. What is media? â€Å"Media is the main means of mass communication (especially television, radio, newspapers, and the internet) regarded collectively.† (Oxford Dictionaries) With the growth of technology, media is also growing along with it. Every day you see more and more people on their cell phones. Most of the time when they are on their phones, they are on some sort of social network. Social networks can be a good thing, but at the same time, it can be a bad thing. With the growth of social networks, kids, teens, and even most adults do not socialize as much as they used to because of the convenience of these sites. Some will agree that it is easier to meet people from the comforts of their own home versus going out and socializing elsewhere. However, for most people, this is their gateway to socialization. ShyShow MoreRelatedCulture and the Mass Media1400 Words   |  6 PagesImpact of Mass Media on Enculturation The mass media and culture go hand and hand in today s society. The American culture thrives on the Mass media and this has become American culture today. â€Å"Mass media is any medium used to transmit mass communication. Until recently mass media was clearly defined and was comprised of the eight mass media industries; books, newspapers, magazines, recordings, radio, movies, television and the Internet (Lane, 2007).† The mas media is no longer simple to defineRead MoreThe Relationship Between Consumers And Businesses1113 Words   |  5 Pageswestern societies has changed due to the diffusion of technology. In addition, the tendency of Western societies to have consumer-based economies increases the impact that technological advances have on the way that business function and interact with their consumers. The widespread use of technology as well as the different functions available due to technological advances has caused businesses to shift their marketing strategies, aff ecting not only the consumer but also the structure of society itselfRead MoreWhy Is Medium Is The Massage Essay1528 Words   |  7 Pageswidespread modern media influence how humans think, act and perceive the world around them. He states that the medium significantly influences the message that people will receive, and thus, the same message is perceived by the same individual in several ways if he receives them in a different way. The expression the medium is the message means that recipient receives messages in different ways depending on how they are presented to him. The message of any medium or technology is the change of scaleRead MoreThe Impact Of Globalization On The Society1114 Words   |  5 Pages The Impact of Globalization 3 Introduction The effects of globalization are visible everywhere. The mixing of cultures and races throughout our society is everywhere. It’s on television, in our homes and woven into our workplace. This is not necessarily a new construct; it’s just more noticeable today than in the past. The Roman Empire opened all trade in Europe, Africa andRead MoreHuman Resource Training For The Media Sector1679 Words   |  7 PagesMass media is a very important role in the development of today s society. It impacts on the social consciousness to establish and consolidate a system of political thought leaders for society; associate members of society into a unity, a whole on the basis of the stance, political attitudes generally. Mass media also perform monitoring functions, and social management, monitoring, detection, promptly report the problems, new conflicts arise, contributes political stability to society. Such an importantRead MoreIncreasing Violence in Youth Culture Essay1093 Words   |  5 PagesIncreasing Violence in Youth Culture In Bradbury’s dystopian classic, Fahrenheit 451, Clarisse says â€Å" ‘I’m afraid of children my own age. They kill each other’ † (Bradbury 27). Bradbury claims through Fahrenheit 451 that our society is becoming increasingly violent in youth’s culture. Furthermore, common sense seems to dictate that as technology advances violence, increases as well. Although schools are considered to be the safest places for children, media, behavioral problems, and influences insideRead MoreHow Electricity And Telephone Changed The Way Of Communication907 Words   |  4 Pagesof communication in America. The author begins by criticizing the electrical officials stating â€Å" with the more general application of electricity throughout the society, electricians believed the world could change only to their advantage.† (Marvin, 1988, p.63) Both of these creation impacted the economy dramatically as well as the culture as a whole. Marvin, elaborate s furthermore on the electrical officials behavior by stating â€Å"When speaking of electricity in official capacities and deliveringRead MoreThe Impact Of Media On Society s Perception Of Reality954 Words   |  4 PagesThe media has been influencing society’s perception of reality ever since the printing press was invented in the early 1900’s. According to Delascio, when CNN first aired in 1980, it was the only television station devoted to around-the-clock news broadcasting. But by the end of the 1990s, it faced significant competition from MSNBC, Fox News, and others. As more twenty-four-hour news stations appear, many resort to attention-grabbing headlines that emphasize disasters and tragedies more than cooperationRead MoreGlobalization : A World Wide Movement Essay1267 Words   |  6 Pagesthem. There are numerous ways in which globalization has impacted the world today.The course also created great emphasis on what it means to be a Global Citizen. Some of these include modification of worldwide environment, global economy, and culture and media. A Global Citizen can be defined as someone who can identify themselves with being part of an emerging world and who contributes in the making. A global citizen is not limited in the number of the ways they can contribute. In fact, every contributionRead MoreMedia and Mass Communications Development on a Healthy Mature Culture1200 Words   |  5 PagesMedia and Mass Communications development on a Healthy Mature Culture This argumentative essay is specially made to discuss the possibility for media and mass communication to nurture the development of a healthy, mature culture. Overall, the process of media and mass communication media development has already caused changes in the public sphere. The digitalization of media dramatically increases the chances of the people to get an access to the information, which is transferred

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The Prince As A Modern Polititcal Treatise - 2203 Words

The Prince As A Modern Political Treatise Written almost 500 years ago by the so called first political scientist in the world, Niccolo Machiavelli’s â€Å"The Prince† brings forward a new definition to virtue. A definition which argues against the concept brought forward by the Catholic Church. Machiavelli did not impose any thoughts of his own rather he only wrote from his experience and whatever philosophy that lead to actions which essentially produced effective outcomes in the political scene of Italy and in other countries. While he is still criticized for his notions, the truth is that, consciously or subconsciously we are all thinking for our own benefit and going†¦show more content†¦Once he became the emperor, he quickly expanded his empire in all fronts resulting in the deaths of thousands. However after one point he converted to Buddhism and ruled his land with peace till his death. The philosophy prescribed by Machiavelli is still used by different governments to some degree. There are law s and rules of conduct which enforces certain behaviors in the society. However an important distinction to be noted is that while â€Å"The Prince† deals with an autocrat, the world right now is mostly democratic. It is not about a person ruling the masses, rather one person out of the masses being selected to serve them. Intimidation and fear are tactics which are obsolete right now. In case a leader of the country fails to perform according to expectations he will be faced with consequences. Either someone new will be selected or an election will result with an opposing party participating. The whole concept of democracy was to shift the power from a ruler to the mass. People now have a fundamental right to voice their opinions and concerns and it is part of a healthy democratic system. However this does not mean that one could trample over a government if someone wanted to. There are laws which everyone has to follow. If we take a broader perspective, such as taking a 3rd world country where democracy is not strong we see the same controlling methods prescribed in

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Portrayal Of Gender Roles - 1489 Words

The Portrayal of Gender Roles in Disney Film Cinderella Min Ho Song, Shenice King, Kyler Ethier, Shebike Lovell Michelle Pompeo Humber College: Lakeshore Campus Wednesday November 11th, 2015 ABSTRACT: Change is almost inevitable in society. The framework behind the roles people play in society are widespread and have evolved throughout the years. Movies’ are no different, and depending on the millennium, the means of gender portrayal has prevailed! In the Disney film Cinderella, it is made known that impressionable gender roles have surfaced throughout the film. Women are portrayed to be soft, emotional, feminine and inferior to men, while men are portrayed to be husky, strong, hold a specific financial status†¦show more content†¦Although in society today, many individuals have preconceived notions as to what male and female are, there are however, ways in which they are viewed in films. These ways namely derive from the societal standards that have been previously set. In the Disney movie Cinderella, it tells the story of a young girl who got to be a princess for a night. That one night was, as most like to call it, â€Å"the time of her life.† Her dreams were granted into reality, and Cinderella got to live out her dream come true—that is, until midnight when the spell wore off. This film is a Disney fairy-tale based on the images of gender roles, and with its release in 1950, it exhibits both the female and male perspective that later on created stance for other films with similar circumstances. Widely subjected to as a controversial notion, society has influenced the portrayal of gender in the movie Cinderella, through the preconceived impression of females, the preconceived impressions of males, and the two impressions still being present in society today. Portrayal of Women Disney wrote in a time where women were in fact lesser than men, and were valued more differently than they are now. â€Å"We typically accept â€Å"masculine men† and â€Å"feminine women† as normal† (Brym, 2014). Many have this preconceived notion of women being feminine, soft, emotional, sweet and submissive, while men are perceived to be masculine, aggressive, tough, daring and

The Caribbean People Free Essays

Saladoid culture is a pre-columbian indigenous culture of Venezuela and the Caribbean that flourished from 500 BCE to 545 CE. [1] This culture is thought to have originated at the lower Orinoco River near the modern settlements of Saladero and Barrancas in Venezuela. Seafaring people from the lowland region of the Orinoco River of South America migrated into and established settlements in the Lesser Antilles, Puerto Rico, and Hispaniola. We will write a custom essay sample on The Caribbean People or any similar topic only for you Order Now [1] They displaced the pre-ceramic Ortoiroid culture. As a horticultural people, they initially occupied wetter and more fertile islands that best accommodated their needs. These Indigenous peoples of the Americas were an Arawak-speaking culture. Between 500-280 BCE, they immigrated into Puerto Rico and the Lesser Antilles, eventually making up a large portion of what was to become a single Caribbean culture. [edit]Culture Saladoid people are characterized by agriculture, ceramic production, and sedentary settlements. [1] Their unique and highly decorated pottery has enabled archaeologists to recognize their sites and to determine their places of origin. Saladoid ceramics include zoomorphic effigy vessels, incense burners, platters, trays, jars, bowls with strap handles, and bell-shaped containers. The red pottery was painted with white, orange, and black slips. [1] Distinctive Saladoid artifacts are stone pendants, shaped like raptors from South America. These were made from a range of exotic materials, including such as carnelian, turquoise, lapis lazuli, amethyst, crystal quartz, jasper-chalcedony, and fossilized wood. These were traded through the Great and Lesser Antilles and the South American mainland, until 600 CE. [1] The Taino of the Greater Antilles represented the last stage of the Ostionoid cultural tradition. By about AD 1100-1200, the Ostionoid people of Hispaniola lived in a wider and more diverse geographic area than did their predecessors; their villages were larger and more formally arranged, farming was intensified, and a distinctive material culture developed. They developed rich and vibrant ritual and artistic traditions that are revealed in Taino craftsmanship in using bone, shell, stone wood and other media. Social stratification is thought to have become more pronounced and rigid during this period as well. This stage of intensification and elaboration after AD 1100 is known as â€Å"Taino†. The Taino people, as characterized by archaeologists, were not a unified society, and have been categorized into subdivisions according to the degree of elaboration in their artistic and social expression. The Central or â€Å"Classic† Tainos are identified with the most complex and intensive traditions, and are represented archaeologically by â€Å"Chican-Ostionoid† material culture. They occupied much of Hispaniola, including En Bas Saline. The â€Å"Western† Taino occupied central Cuba, Jamaica, and parts of Hispaniola, and , are also associated archaeologically with the â€Å"Ostionoid-Meillacan† material tradition. The Lucayan Taino lived in the Bahamas, and the â€Å"Eastern† Taino are thought to have lived in regions of the Virgin Islands and the Leeward Islands of the Lesser Antilles. As many archaeologists have emphasized, however, the Taino were but one of the recognizable cultural groups in the Caribbean at the time of contact. They co-existed and interacted with other Ostionan peoples and perhaps even Saladoid-influenced Archaic peoples, such as the Guanahatabey of Cuba and the Caribs of the Lesser Antilles. How to cite The Caribbean People, Essay examples

FDI in India Organizational Investment

Question: Describe about the FDI in India for Organizational Investment. Answer: Introduction: FDI is foreign direct investment. It is a kind of investment in an organization where an investor from different country invests in a business situated at different one. The investors have the control over that organization in which they have invested. Control is something where investor is having 10% or more then that shares in their hand. FDI is of two types: Greenfield and Brownfield. Greenfield investments are those investments where a company start its operations in foreign company from the ground up. Brownfield are those, where an investor or government take a lease or purchase the entire business for launching a new production activity. (MOON, 2015) Sectors: Investor are getting more attracted towards Infrastructure, automotive, service, pharmaceuticals, railways, textile, chemical, airlines etc. Indian government is allowing 100% FDI in all of these sectors. 10% of Indian GDP depends on construction activity. Indian government has plans for growing this industry more by investing $1 trillion in this sector till 2017. It is planning that 40% of total investment will be funded by private sector. Automotive sector is increasing rapidly in India. Its share is 7% of total GDP of India. Pharmaceutical sector is expected to grow at the rate of 20% annually till 2020. It is worlds 3rd largest sector in terms of volume. (Khandare and Baber 2012). Service sector includes banking, research and development, outsourcing, insurance, technology and courier. Railway is also allowing 100% FDI in other then operation department. Currently US $13 billion is expected by Indian government for railway projects by FDI. Chemical industry is expected to grow at the rate of 7% till 2020. Textile sector is one of the major contributors in Indian export share. During last financial year FDI is increased by 91%. Airlines industry is allowing 49% FDI under automatic route and beyond it, through an approval of government. Indian Economy: India has already presented itself as one of the worlds fastest growing economies of the world. India is in top 10 as an attractive destination for foreign investors. After adopting LPG policy, India has become more investment-friendly (Make in India, 2016). FDI is continuously increasing in India. India is currently having 3% of the total share in worlds FDI (Ray,2007). Indian economy is worlds third largest economy measured by PPP (purchasing power parity) with a US $3.611 trillion GDP. It is one of the tenth largest economies in whole world, with a US $800.8 GDP. It is the second major economy who is growing at the rate of 8.9% in the first quarter of financial year 2006-2007. The Indian economy is so diverse and encompasses handicrafts, textile, manufacturing, agriculture and many services. Although still two third of Indian workforce is earning directly or indirectly from agriculture. Services are growing very rapidly in Indian market and playing an important role in Indian economy. Because of large number of educated and young people, India is becoming first choice of every global company for back office destination, companies are outsourcing for their technical support and customer care from India. India is one of the major exporters of highly skilled workforce in financial services, software engineering etc. FDI and growth in India: FDI is playing an important role since beginning of liberalization. Globalization and privatization plays an important role in FDI inflows for developing countries like India. According to a report of World Bank, developing countries increased six times in 1990-1998. The share of FDI in GDI (gross domestic investment) was increased to 2.25%. If GDI is not too high then it shows an important effect on countrys economy due to FDI flows (Pan and Sen, 2007). Only with government liberalization policy, FDI inflows can be more. FDI inflows always play an important role in growth of human capital, technological, research and development etc.FDI can be of two types: short run and long run. Short run FDI is attracted through government policy, low labour cost, availability of workforce etc. Long run FDI is attracted through technology, infrastructure etc. Cointegration theory is used to check the short and long run impact of FDI on Indians growth and GDI. The advantages of this approach are t o identify the restrictions on both the dimensions, short and long run. There are 2 more variable added to identify the relationship of growth of India and FDI as ULC (unit labour cost) and share IMPDT (Import duty in tax revenue). VECM (vector error correction model) introduced for clarifying many questions. FDI flows for India: For countries that are allowing FDI; cost structure, firm size is essential determinants. This cost structure; market size may create an impact on FDI inflow whether direct or indirect. To study these impacts, FDI flows are necessary to intimate. GDP of a nation reflects size of market indirectly, but it has been eliminated from model. ULC plays an important role because labour rate is too low in India in comparison of other countries. Factors which affect FDI: Political impact on FDI in India: India has enjoyed so many successive years of elected government at union and federal level both. India always suffered with political instability as no party won with clear majority and hence parties have to form a coalition government. However, stability in Indian politics returned with Modi Government in 2014 with a very healthy and strong coalition government (Gunti, 2002). Indias economy get brighter after this government as this government is taking many decisions in favour of FDI. Now, every party has accepted this policies as these are increasing the GDP of nation. Even now, there are less chances of political instability in future. Now, if political instability occurs, India would hardly be affected. Hence, now political risk in FDI in India is very less (Lim, 2001). Economical impact on FDI in India: A country, whose economy continuously grows up, attracts more foreign direct investment because investor feel more confident in investing such countries sector. Countries with a good rate of economy growth attract many investors towards it as they feel that their amount is safe and they can earn more from this country. FDI often targets the consumer from the host company to sell out their good directly. Therefore, the size of economy, people are more important to attract any investor. Just like India, as the economy of India is rising up, so investor feel more confident while investing there. India is a new target for FDIs now as new emerging market, their policies; middle class have a strong demand for goods and services of multinational brands. Technical impact on FDI in India: Technology level of a country attracts FDIs more because they always want to set up their business at such place where they can take advantage of new resources and technology. FDI also introduce technical knowhow, new technology in the developing countries. Foreign expertise is the key factor for upgrading the technical process of host country. The best example of it is the deal between India and US for nuclear energy, where both the companies have dealt about nuclear, in which both the countries would transfer the nuclear energy knowhow and allow India for upgrading its civilian nuclear facilities. FDIs are more attracting in Indian market because of Indian civilians are more technology friendly. Socio cultural impact on FDI in India: Socio cultural impacts on foreign direct investment more. Because some countries people are against towards foreign goods, they dont like to avail and consume foreign services and products (Adams, 1999). Foreign investors study the country and their people more before investing in that country. If they find that civilian of that country are okay with buying and adopting foreign goods, then only they invest in that country. In context of India, investors feel attraction because all Indians are a big fan of foreign brands (Adams,1999). Thus all these factors affect FDI more. National resources: National property can be created, not inherited. National resources can never grow out of a nations natural endowment, its currencys value, labour pool, interest rate and classical economics insist. A countrys competitiveness depends upon the capacity of country and the industry to innovates the product and upgrade the products. Company can always gain benefits against its competitor because of challenge and pressure. The benefit of company is the domestic rivals, aggressive suppliers and demanding local customers. Competitive advantage of national resources: National resources of a country attracts investor more for investing their amount in the country as investor finds that investing in that country is a nice platform for increasing their money. FDI investigates country detail and about their resources before investing in that country, and according to that investigation only, they make investments. If investor finds that there is no labour, investor is definitely not going to invest in that country. India is a very rich company in context of resources as there are coal, iron pre, manganese ore, mica bauxite, diamonds, natural gas, thorium and limestone are in huge. Around the world, all companies who are involving in natural resources business are doing outstanding as there are unexpected demand in the market. Nowadays, middle class families in developing countries are increasing their demand for house, energy, transportation etc. Porters theory of national competitive advantage: Porter developed a theory named by Diamond of competitive advantage for international trade. This theory says that success of a industry depends on 4 factors: demand condition, factor condition, company strategy, rivalry and structure and related and supporting industries. Factor conditions are a countrys factor endowment. Demand condition describes a large and already existed consumer base and their demand. Related and supporting industries describe local supplier developments that are eager to meet industrys marketing and distribution needs. Firm structure, strategy and rivalry describes environment of the competitive firm. Porter also argues that national policies affect the firms international opportunity and strategy. This theory combines the firm and country level theory together for focusing on individual firm. Further, he said that every nation play an essential role in creating a surrounding that impact on firms success. Factor Endowment: factor endowment of a country is commonly land, capital, labour, entrepreneurship etc that a country can possesses and exploit for manufacturing. Countries that are having large endowment attract FDIs more rather than those who are having small endowment, if rest things are equal in a country. India is having large endowment as India is having land and labour in excessive. Competitive advantage of Factor endowment: The natural resources had passed through some challenging phase in India. Clearance delays, blanket bans etc. had bought it to a temporary position. Even India was not able to capitalize its economic strength such as resources, minerals etc. All countries are not blessed with rich mineral resources and the countries which are blessed with such minerals use it for countrys overall growth, development of their civilians, securing employment, decreasing the poverty and growing up their economies. Factor endowment varies country to country. Factor condition refers to a factor of production of a country. If a countrys factor empowerment is impressive, then FDI will invest in that country. For a business Land, labour, capital etc are more important, if in a country there is no labour, a business can never run over there. In India, there are huge labour and even in low cost. It attracts foreign direct investor because they can get a product in minimum investment. Foreign currency and exchange influence: FDI is a flow of funds provided to a multinational organization or any parent company. By 2005, FDI inflow rose all over the world to $916 billion, more than half of FDI flows received by developing countries business. FDI activities play an important role in influencing the nature of exchange rates (Aizenman, 1992). Exchange rate is the value of domestic currency in exchange of foreign currency. Exchange rate can influence FDI as well as concerned countries. If currency depreciates of any country, it means the value of that currency is relatively declined of to the value of any another country (Grewal, 2013). India is one of the biggest emerging economies in the world. India has become an investing country after adopting Liberalization in 1991. The average exchange rate of INR is Rs 65.04 per US $ in 2015-16. It was happen due to a strong growth in US economy that impacted on US $ against all other major currencies (Blonigen, 1997). It is found that Indian rupee performed better then EDME currency. A study was done to examine the relation between real exchange rate and FDI during globalization period. It was found that the workers remittance and exchange rate have a positive relation in India (World Trade Organization, 2015). Countrys existing trade policies, incentive, barriers and system: Today India is fastest growing economy. Indias rank has been improved by 12 places by The world bank in 2016. FDI in India had been gone up by 40% in 2016. Indias growth is objected at 7.5% by World Bank and it has been declared as the brightest spot by IMF. Indias existing policies was not so much investment-friendly. There were so many barriers for FDIs, which were making investors interest less in Indian market. System and government was not so helping for foreign investors. (Government of India, 2016). Existing trade policy: New government in India is allowing 100% FDI in many sectors in India, which was earlier 49% only in Indian sector. Earlier, there were so many restrictions, formalities for foreign investors to enter into Indian market. They were not even allowed to do 100% investment (Economist, 1999). They had to tie up with any Indian company for settling down their business in Indian market. In construction development sector, there were conditions related to land, capital etc which used to demotivate investors. In defence sector, FDI were allowed till 29% only. Broadcasting sector was not allowing 100% FDI. Banking sector was not so much investment friendly. Even FDIs were not even allowed to make 49%+ investments without special approval of government (Cardenas and Berg, 2010). Existing incentive, barriers and system: Earlier, there were huge barriers for Investors and foreign countries to enter in Indian market and invest in that market. An investor needed to tie up with any Indian company and they had to full fill many conditions applied by Indian government on them. Government was not even entertaining foreign investors by providing them facilities. Therefore, Indian market was not so attractive for foreign Direct Investors. They used to give priority to China Market because the policies, facilities were better in China market for FDI. The system was not Investment friendly at all. Earlier Indian Government was not at all focusing on FDI. Existing level of FDI: Existing level of FDI in India was not as better as it is in present scenario. Their policies were not Investment-friendly. Modi government has changed the policies now, and thus GDP, economy have been increased. (The Financial Express, 2015). The main sectors in India are Healthcare pharma, Telecom and oil gas. And the main FDIs are from UK, Us and Japan. The above data is offering a better situation to understand about the foreign direct investor as well as the Indian sectors which are attracting FDI in India more. This data only includes foreign investment not any kind of domestic investment. According to an analysis, FDI inflows were more in Service sector in the period of 2000-2012. The service sector includes telecom, banking etc. Healthcare and pharma Sector: Healthcare and pharma sector is the emerging sector in India. As Indians are more in Population. So more people need more precautions, medicines etc. and Policies for FDI in pharma sector were quite good. So, investor invested more in this sector. In 2013-2015, foreign investment was 18% of total foreign investment. Telecom Sector: Telecom sector is increasing rapidly in Indian market. As in India, there are huge population and 60% are youth of them. All youths are Tech friendly. So Telecom sector is increasing day by day. Indians are adopting foreign techniques, so FDIs are more interesting in this sector. In 2013-15, There were 17% of total Foreign investment was in Telecom sector Itself. Policies made by Indian Government were also not hectic for investors. So They invested more in this sector. Oil and gas Sector: India is very rich in terms of minerals. There are many mines of oil, gas, gold etc. Every country doesnt have such minerals So Foreign direct investors come to India to make investment in this sector. This sector is more beneficial for investors as they can earn more money from this sector. In 2013-15 there was 10% of total foreign investment was in Oil and gas sector. Conclusion: Thus, Indian economy is growing up very rapidly. After the new government, GDP, FDI has been increased. Investors are feeling more impressed towards Indian economy. World trade organization has declared Indian Market as brightest market for FDI. It is an emerging economy nowadays. FDI is increasing day by day in Indian Market. References: MOON H. C. (2015). Foreign Direct Investment: A global Perspective. World scientific. 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