Tuesday, February 4, 2020
Walt Disney Company - Research Paper Example The fact that Walt Disney had already gained popularity during this period benefitted the government of United States in projecting a favorable American image for the world. Walt Disney, during the period of World War, produced propaganda content for every area of the U.S government. Walt Disney was used as a means of promoting the brand image of U.S.A in every conceivable way. The companyÃ¢â¬â¢s films were used to enhance the morale of the American supporters as well as to train the fighters. The animated content used in DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s films was used to achieve this purpose. According to an estimate, approximately 90% of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s workers were engaged in this propaganda business, directly or indirectly (Andrew 2009). Furthermore, it is estimated that the company produced more than 68 hours worth of expensive war-related films during the period (Andrew 2009). Apart from promoting the U.S and its allies in its own movies, the company was also requested to animate certain content that was developed by a Colonel of the U.S Army. Films produced under this banner include Ã¢â¬Å"Prelude to WarÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"America goes to WarÃ¢â¬ (Watts 1997). However, this is not the first time that the company was used as a tool for propaganda. In World War 1 also the company was used to promote American interest. For instance, an animated film, whose content was designed by a Colonel, was used to train the workers in U.S Army (Andrew 2009). It was believed that these animated filmstrips were a more effective tool than mere lectures or live demonstrations, simply because it engaged the audience (armed workers) more effectively (Watts 1997). Also it has been argued that these animations were used to create settings that were otherwise difficult to achieve with the camera. One of the most critical components of DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s success was perhaps the incorporation of humor in its film content (Gabler 2006). Furthermore, the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s artists are accredite d with the art of capturing customerÃ¢â¬â¢s imagination and producing content that enabled effective learning. Because of the fact that the company was able to fabricate the factual, lackluster information into a more entertaining and color manner, Disney benefitted from enhanced viewers attention who not only involved their minds but also their hearts into the movies. The company itself admitted that it had produced movies containing half truths and anti-Nazi element. The propaganda conducted by Disney can perhaps be divided into three main categories of propaganda for the Navy, Air Force as well as specifically targeted propaganda content in its cartoons (Uelmen 1991). As far as the propaganda content for Navy was concerned, the company produced content whose primary purpose was to teach various tactics to sailors through the movies. As far as the content for the Treasury department were concerned, the company was asked to promote the payment of income taxes by the U.S nationals . This was promoted through the cartoon Donald Duck, where the lead character demonstrates the contribution of income taxes to the war effort in the book named Ã¢â¬Å"The New SpiritÃ¢â¬ which was considered a significant part of the American heritage (Uelmen 1991). The film of this book received enormous media attention which yet again demonstrated the yields to Disney of promoting nationalist interests. This film also
Monday, January 27, 2020
Movie Analysis Of Slumdog Millionaire Film Studies Essay The object that I have chosen is a film called Slumdog Millionaire (2008). The movie, directed by Danny Boyle, received 8 Oscar awards for excellence in the fields like Direction, Cinematography, Film Editing, Sound Mixing, Original Score and Original Song. The movie is an adaption of a novel Q A written by the proclaimed Indian author and diplomat, Vikas Swarup. The movie is set in an Indian backdrop and the story revolves around an uneducated Muslim boy named Jamaal, and about his journey from the slums in a typical rags to riches background. The story begins with Jamaal and his brothers life in slums, and how they were left homeless after a Hindu Muslim riot which kills their mother. It continues with their journey to other cities and finally ends at Kaun Banega Crorepati (Indian adaption of Who Wants to be a Millionaire) where he wins the contest using the knowledge he had picked up during his impoverished life. Other than the several accolades, the film also faced criticism for the ugly potrayal of India and the abusive language that was used. In the following paragraphs, I would be analyzing the movie in terms of genres that it potrayed. Genre is a French term used for type. It is a term that has existed since very early times in cinema. Some frequently used genres are romance, crime, comedy , fantasy or actuality, drama, thriller, horror, suspense, cowboy, art/ independent(class note). Basically it is a repetition of certain features while making a film, that later act as a genesis for its identification under a specific genre. But gradually, it was realized that such a narrowed down approach of filmmaking and categorization lead to productions that were repetitive and predictable. Thus arose the need for genre films to be not just more of the same but also something different. This lead to an interesting phenomenon of categorizing the same movie in various genres like drama, action, mystery etc. Such movies are called multi genre films. It has been claimed that the more recent movies target consciously for genre cross-over. This concept of cross-over results in multi genre films that can be described as postmodern in terms of cinema. The amalgamation of genres leads to mixing of the already existing genres and thus generates new possibilities. The mixing together of genres is often referred to as bricolage, and such films are called hybrids. In bricolage, one can often observe elements of various different films that are grouped together. Why? Why limit a film to one set of emotions when it has the potential to explore so much more? Danny Boyle The concept of multi genres can be clearly seen in the movie Slumdog Millionaire. The genres identified are romance, drama and crime. The story told in the film seems to be a retold from the movie Salaam Bombay, which is story of a young boy Chaipu who is left homeless and lives on the streets of Bombay. The story is about how he survives by doing odd jobs at a very young age and struggles to overcome the harsh reality of the metropolitan that is Bombay. One can easily draw a parallel between Chaipu in Salaaam Bombay and Jamaals character in Slumdog Millionaire (Infact the first reaction of Indian audience to Slumdog Millionaire was its comparison to Salaam Bombay). The other elements of the movie such as the underworld, crime and Hindu-Muslim riots in the city of Mumbai have been portrayed in a far more realistic way in movies Satya [INSERT YEAR] , Sadak and Bombay. The ending of the movie is rather happy where Jamaal finally reunites with his ladylove and also miraculously wins the show Who Wants To Be A Millionaire. These joyful endings have been prevalent in cinema for a long time. The theme of the movie is formulaic and seems to be a repetition of the previous movies based on the same lines. Genres can also be discussed in relation to industry, market and the audience. The industry makes film as long as there is a demand from the audience. The categorization of films into genres basically enables the industry to divide the range of movies that be made and thus sets a clear demarcation. The study of movies of different genres in the market gives a good idea of the response of the audience and thus on the basis of this study of most profitable response, movie of the same genre are made. A particular type of genre movie tries to specialize at the majority of the levels so as to maximize the possibility of profits. Analyzing Slumdog Millionaire in this light we can notice that the use of locations, props, actors has been carefully chosen according to the genre and script of the movie. As the movie is about a young, homeless, uneducated Indian boy and all the hardships he goes through, it was very crucial for the movie to use the appropriate locations and props. The location chosen for the shooting was the city of Mumbai itself. The young star cast of the are the in fact children of the slums which lends a very original effect to the movie. The director very cleverly chose the other actors as well keeping in mind the International and the Indian audience. The actors are mostly debutants and fit completely in the non-glamorous portrayals of the roles. The international audiences have a stereo typical image of the Asian cinema and the director has kept this in mind while choosing the various aspects of the movie Genre films have a deep impact on the social and cultural contexts. These films act as cultural products; which might carry the dominant and prevalent ideologies of the society in which they are produced. Though more than often films are not a reflection of the real society but instead are based on common perception of the society. The following two texts relate to the genre in movies. I have tried to analyze Slumdog Millionaire in the light of these two texts: Moral issues are raised, questions are asked and answers given. We are invited to evaluate a characters actions and imaginary solutions are offered to real problems within the society If we look at the movie Slumdog Millionaire, it has showcased many problems like poverty, crime, trickery and deception in a rather exaggerated way and in the end the solution offered an imaginary solution would make sense only in a fantasy land. An instance of the imaginary solution in the movie is that the boy who grew up without any education whatsoever starts tricking non hindi speaking tourists with impeccable English and later in the movie locates his brother using a computer. This is just something fantastical which fills people with hope and optimism, and makes them believe that there is a solution all problems. This is something that definitely does not happen in the real world, but the movie came out at a time when the world was witnessing one of the greatest recessions of all time, and almost everybody faces a bleak future. At this time, the movie gave the solution to the society that it so much wanted to believe. It could be claimed that such films (genre movies) are not reflections of society but are particular perceptions of a society. How we see such films might ultimately be determined by whether or not recurring patterns and themes can be identified In Slumdog Millionaire, the director has made use of the emotions of audience. It is made in way that it draws sympathy from the Western world and re-affirms their age old opinion about India. The plot in the movie doesnt speak about anything that a modern developing economy boasts of (a common example of this is the fact that many foreigners still think of India as a land of snake charmers in US, whereas I am yet to see a single snake charmer in my 24 years of stay in India). Genre films sometimes challenge dominant ideas, question cultural values and this just leaves a more positive and optimistic effect on people as they do not find themselves helplessly tied to a societys belief system. In this context the film Slumdog Millionaire challenges the fact that an uneducated and lowly placed person in society can get as big a success as winning the mega jackpot. This theme subtly re-assures the audience that despite their short comings, they could also be the next Jamaal. Also, in an u nderlying theme of the Good overcoming the evil makes the movie adjust to the perception of the audience. The fact that Jamaal even after being embroiled in so many nasty incidents and pot holes of crime and vulgarity, remains good, and ultimately wins the jackpot. This plays on the audiences wish to see the ending that they sub-consciously believe in, and want to see on screen, even if that doesnt make much sense in reality. To conclude, we can say that Slumdog Millionaire is a movie that was packaged very deftly into the genres that were decided for it by the movie-makers. From the point of view of culture, audience and industry, the movie weaves itself perfectly into the landscape it aspires to project itself into. The movie was hit on a global scale, and after analyzing the intelligent inter-play of genres, the underlying rags to riches theme, satisfying the audiences sub-conscious desires irrespective of location and releasing at a time when the world was in recession, seems but a powerful potion for a massive on on-screen success.
Sunday, January 19, 2020
PoliticalAs a result of the growth of industry and social change, political views often clashed. Labor unions formed first in the Northeast. Miners and steelworkers were some of the first workers to use the strike as a bargaining tool against business owners. Laws that allowed segregation and discrimination made it hard for southern African Americans to enjoy the improved transportation of the Second Industrial Revolution. Discriminatory laws and riots due to increased tension between immigrants and white settlers. Labor unions were active in the cities. Social reform movements arose in Ohio and Illinois. In rural areas, farmers were also politically active. It was a region in which social and political campaigns took root. SocialThe growth of industry highlighted the gap between rich and poor. Wealthy entrepreneurs wanted to increase profits. Workers wanted better wages and working conditions. The post-Civil War South continued to have problems related to race. New laws regarding se gregation made it hard for southern African Americans to enjoy the improved and rebuilt transportation. The willingness of the immigrants from China to work for lower wages and the cultural differences between them and the white settlers led to friction. Like the Northeast, the Midwest had waves of immigrants come to its cities. The gap between rich and poor was a source of friction. Economic orType of EconomyThe Northeast remained the leading industrial region in the Second Industrial Revolution. New York, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania produced more than 85 percent of all U.S. industrial products in 1890. The war ended slavery, which took away the South's main source of labor. Although it remained mostly agricultural, the South began developing its timber industry. Coal and iron deposits in the southern Appalachian Mountains gave rise to steelÃ production in Birmingham, Alabama. Agriculture became more efficient in the Midwest and also encouraged settlers to obtain land in the West. However, the sparse population of the West did not support much industrial growth, and the economy continued to be based on natural resources. This region experienced economic growth in both farming and manufacturing. The upper Midwest states became centers of industry and a hub for shipping and transport.Population ChangeThe rapid growth of a manufacturing economy created a need for workers. Cities in the Northeast became destinations for the immigrants that came to the United States. By 1870 about 15 percent of the U.S. population was foreign born. About one of every five industrial workers was an immigrant. Most of these immigrants settled in the Northeast. Many African Americans left the South to work in new factories in the North and Midwest. There they had a better chance of earning good wages and improving their economic and social standing. Immigrants from China arrived in the West looking for jobs on the expanding railroads. The thinly spread population of the West di d not support much industrial growth. Cities grew rapidly, attracting large numbers of immigrants. Chicago, Illinois became one of the nation's largest cities during this period. In 1860, the city's population was about 110,000. In 1890, more than one million people lived there.TransportationAlmost 200,000 miles of railroad line connected cities in the Northeast by 1900. Most industry and rail transportation were destroyed during the Civil War. By the 1880s, however, the South had begun to rebuild. The completion of the Transcontinental Railroad in 1869 linked the coasts of United States. Railways transported natural resources like timber and gold from the West to the East The development of railways made Chicago a gateway between the East and West. Trains carried goods from eastern manufacturers, to be shipped north to the Upper Midwest and west across the Great Plains.Explain how the Second Industrial Revolution affected the North, South, West, and Midwest. Which region would you have preferred to live in during this period? Why?The Second Industrial Revolution affected the North, South, West, and Midwest with changes such as population, transportation, and economy changes. The rapid growth of the manufacturing economy in each region created a need for workers attracting many immigrants. By 1870 about 15 percent of the U.S. population was foreign born and, about one of every five industrial workers was an immigrant. In addition, each region also developed and improved their transportation system, usually, by railroads. These railroads connected cities and were used to transport natural resources and goods from manufacturers to other places.Moreover, each region had their own type of economy. The northeast remained the leading industrial region and the south and west maintained a developing agricultural economy but, the westÃ¢â¬â¢s sparse population did not support much industrial growth. Also, the Midwest experienced economic growth in both farming and man ufacturing.Furthermore, if I had to live in a certain region during the Second Industrial Revolution period I would prefer to live in the northwest region which was the leading industrial region in both the First Industrial Revolution and Second Industrial Revolution. The rapid growth of the economy begged for more workers so it would have been easy for me to find a job and provide for my family. The northeast region benefited, improved, flourished more than any other region in both Industrial Revolutions and I would have wanted to be a part of that experience.
Saturday, January 11, 2020
I killed Wes. My hands, scratched and bruised and painted with purple dust in the course of the frantic unloading, might as well have been painted red with his blood. Wes was dead, and it was as much my fault as if I'd pulled the trigger myself. All of us but five were gathered in the kitchen now that the truck was unloaded, eating some of the perishables we'd picked up on the final shopping trip-cheese and fresh bread with milk-and listening to Jeb and Doc as they explained everything to Jared, Ian, and Kyle. I sat a little space away from the others, my head in my hands, too numb with grief and guilt to ask questions the way they did. Jamie sat with me. He patted my back now and then. Wes was already buried in the dark grotto beside Walter. He had died four days ago, the night that Jared and Ian and I had sat watching the family in the park. I would never see my friend again, never hear his voiceÃ¢â¬ ¦ Tears splashed on the stone beneath me, and Jamie's pats increased in tempo. Andy and Paige were not here. They'd driven the truck and the van back to their hiding places. They would take the jeep from there to its usual rough garage, and then they'd have to walk the rest of the way home. They would be back before sunrise. Lily was not here. Ã¢â¬Å"She's notÃ¢â¬ ¦ doing so well,Ã¢â¬ Jamie had murmured when he'd caught me scanning the room for her. I didn't want to know any more. I could imagine well enough. Aaron and Brandt were not here. Brandt now bore a smooth, pink, circular scar in the hollow space beneath his left collarbone. The bullet had missed his heart and lungs by a hair and then burrowed halfway through his shoulder blade trying to escape. Doc had used most of the Heal getting it out of him. Brandt was fine now. Wes's bullet had been better aimed. It had pierced his high olive-skinned forehead and blown out the back of his head. There was nothing Doc could have done, even if he'd been right there with them, a gallon of Heal at his disposal. Brandt, who now carried in a holster on his hip a boxy, heavy trophy from the encounter, was with Aaron. They were in the tunnel where we would have stored our spoils if it had not been occupied. If it was not being used as a prison again. As if losing Wes was not enough. It seemed hideously wrong to me that the numbers remained the same. Thirty-five living bodies, just like before I'd come to the caves. Wes and Walter were gone, but I was here. And now so was the Seeker. My Seeker. If I'd just gone straight to Tucson. If I had just stayed in San Diego. If I had just skipped this planet and gone somewhere entirely different. If I'd given myself as a Mother like anyone else would have after five or six planets. If, if, ifÃ¢â¬ ¦ If I had not come here, if I had not given the Seeker the clues she needed to follow, then Wes would be alive. It had taken her longer than me to figure them out, but when she did, she didn't have to pursue them with caution. She'd barreled through the desert in an all-terrain SUV, leaving bright new scars across the fragile desert landscape, each pass getting closer. They had to do something. They had to stop her. I had killed Wes. They still would have caught me in the first place, Wanda. I led them here, not you. I was too miserable to answer her. Besides, if we hadn't come here, Jamie would be dead. And maybe Jared, too. He would have died tonight, without you. Death on every side. Death everywhere I looked. Why did she have to follow me? I moaned to myself. I'm not hurting the other souls here, not really. I'm even saving some of their lives by being here, by keeping Doc from his doomed efforts. Why did she have to follow? Why did they keep her? Mel snarled. Why didn't they kill her right away? Or kill her slow-I don't care how! Why is she still alive? Fear fluttered in my stomach. The Seeker was alive; the Seeker was here. I shouldn't have been afraid of her. Of course, it made sense to be afraid that her disappearance would bring the other Seekers down on us. Everyone was afraid of that. Spying on the search for my body, the humans had seen how vocal she was about her convictions. She'd been trying to convince the other Seekers that there were humans hiding in this desert wasteland. None seemed to take her seriously. They had gone home; she was the only one who kept looking. But now she'd vanished in the middle of her search. That changed everything. Her vehicle had been moved far away, left in the desert on the other side of Tucson. It looked as though she'd disappeared in the same way it was believed I had: pieces of her bag left torn nearby, the snacks she'd carried with her chewed open and scattered. Would the other souls accept such a coincidence? We already knew they would not. Not entirely. They were looking. Would the search become more intense? But to be afraid of the Seeker herselfÃ¢â¬ ¦ That didn't make much sense. She was physically insignificant, probably smaller than Jamie. I was stronger and faster than she was. I was surrounded by friends and allies, and she, inside these caves at least, was all alone. Two guns, the rifle and her own Glock-the very gun Ian had once envied, the gun that had killed my friend Wes-were trained on her at every moment. Only one thing had kept her alive until now, and it couldn't save her for long. Jeb had thought I might want to talk to her. That was all. Now that I was back, she was condemned to die within hours whether I spoke to her or not. So why did I feel as though I was at the disadvantage? Why this strange premonition that she would be the one to walk away from our confrontation? I hadn't decided if I wanted to talk to her. At least, that was what I'd told Jeb. Without a doubt, I did not want to talk to her. I was terrified to ever see her face again-a face that, no matter how I tried, I could not imagine looking frightened. But if I told them I had no desire for conversation, Aaron would shoot her. It would be like I'd given him the order to fire. Like I'd pulled the trigger. Or worse, Doc would try to cut her out of the human body. I flinched away from the memory of the silver blood smeared all over the hands of my friend. Melanie twisted uneasily, trying to escape the torment in my head. Wanda? They're just going to shoot her. Don't panic. Should this comfort me? I couldn't avoid the imagined tableau. Aaron, the Seeker's gun in his hand; the Seeker's body slowly crumpling to the stone floor, the red blood pooling around herÃ¢â¬ ¦ You don't have to watch. That wouldn't stop it from happening. Melanie's thoughts became a little frantic. But we want her to die. Right? She killed Wes! Besides, she can't stay alive. No matter what. She was right about everything, of course. It was true that there was no way the Seeker could stay alive. Imprisoned, she would work doggedly to escape. Freed, she would quickly be the death of all my family. It was true she had killed Wes. He was so young and so loved. His death left a burning agony in its wake. I understood the claim of human justice that demanded her life in return. It was also true that I wanted her to die. Ã¢â¬Å"Wanda? Wanda?Ã¢â¬ Jamie shook my arm. It took me a moment to realize that someone had called my name. Perhaps many times already. Ã¢â¬Å"Wanda?Ã¢â¬ Jeb's voice asked again. I looked up. He was standing over me. His face was expressionless, the blank facade that meant he was in the grip of some strong emotion. His poker face. Ã¢â¬Å"The boys want to know if you have any questions for the Seeker.Ã¢â¬ I put one hand to my forehead, trying to block the images there. Ã¢â¬Å"If I don't?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"They're ready to be done with guard duty. It's a hard time. They'd rather be with their friends right now.Ã¢â¬ I nodded. Ã¢â¬Å"Okay. I guess I'd betterÃ¢â¬ ¦ go and see her at once, then.Ã¢â¬ I shoved myself away from the wall and to my feet. My hands were shaking, so I clenched them into fists. You don't have any questions. I'll think of some. Why prolong the inevitable? I have no idea. You're trying to save her, Melanie accused, full of outrage. There's no way to do that. No. There isn't. And you want her dead anyway. So let them shoot her. I cringed. Ã¢â¬Å"You okay?Ã¢â¬ Jamie asked. I nodded, not trusting my voice enough to speak. Ã¢â¬Å"You don't have to,Ã¢â¬ Jeb told me, his eyes sharp on my face. Ã¢â¬Å"It's okay,Ã¢â¬ I whispered. Jamie's hand wrapped around mine, but I shook it off. Ã¢â¬Å"Stay here, Jamie.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I'll come with you.Ã¢â¬ My voice was stronger now. Ã¢â¬Å"Oh, no, you will not.Ã¢â¬ We stared at each other for a moment, and for once I won the argument. He stuck his chin out stubbornly but slouched back against the wall. Ian, too, seemed inclined to follow me out of the kitchen, but I stopped him in his tracks with a single look. Jared watched me go with an unfathomable expression. Ã¢â¬Å"She's a complainer,Ã¢â¬ Jeb told me in a low voice as we walked back toward the hole. Ã¢â¬Å"Not quiet like you were. Always asking for more-food, water, pillowsÃ¢â¬ ¦ She threatens a lot, too. The Seekers will get you all!' That kinda thing. It's been hard on Brandt especially. She's pushed his temper right to the edge.Ã¢â¬ I nodded. This did not surprise me one bit. Ã¢â¬Å"She hasn't tried to escape, though. A lot of talk and no action. Once the guns come up, she backs right down.Ã¢â¬ I recoiled. Ã¢â¬Å"My guess is, she wants to live pretty dang bad,Ã¢â¬ Jeb murmured to himself. Ã¢â¬Å"Are you sure this is theÃ¢â¬ ¦ safest place to keep her?Ã¢â¬ I asked as we started down the black, twisting tunnel. Jeb chuckled. Ã¢â¬Å"You didn't find your way out,Ã¢â¬ he reminded me. Ã¢â¬Å"Sometimes the best hiding place is the one that's in plain sight.Ã¢â¬ My answer was flat. Ã¢â¬Å"She's more motivated than I was.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The boys're keepin' a sharp eye on her. Nothin' to worry about.Ã¢â¬ We were almost there. The tunnel turned back on itself in a sharp V. How many times had I rounded this corner, my hand tracing along the inside of the pointed switchback, just like this? I'd never traced along the outside wall. It was uneven, with jutting rocks that would leave bruises and cause me to trip. Staying on the inside was a shorter walk anyway. When they'd first showed me that the V was not a V but a Y-two branches forking off from another tunnel, the tunnel-I'd felt pretty stupid. Like Jeb said, hiding things in plain sight was sometimes the cleverest route. The times I'd been desperate enough to even consider escaping the caves, my mind had skipped right over this place in my speculations. This was the hole, the prison. In my head, it was the darkest, deepest well in the caves. This was where they'd buried me. Even Mel, sneakier than I was, had never dreamed that they'd held me captive just a few paces from the exit. It wasn't even the only exit. But the other was small and tight, a crawl space. I hadn't found that one because I'd walked into these caves standing upright. I hadn't been looking for that kind of tunnel. Besides, I'd never explored the edges of Doc's hospital; I'd avoided it from the beginning. The voice, familiar even though it seemed part of another life, interrupted my thoughts. Ã¢â¬Å"I wonder how you're still alive, eating like this. Ugh!Ã¢â¬ Something plastic clattered against the rocks. I could see the blue light as we rounded the last corner. Ã¢â¬Å"I didn't know humans had the patience to starve someone to death. That seems like too complex a plan for you shortsighted creatures to grasp.Ã¢â¬ Jeb chuckled. Ã¢â¬Å"Gotta say, I'm impressed with those boys. Surprised they held up this long.Ã¢â¬ We turned into the lit dead-end tunnel. Brandt and Aaron, both sitting as far as possible from the end of the tunnel where the Seeker paced, both with guns in their hands, sighed with relief when they saw us approaching. Ã¢â¬Å"Finally,Ã¢â¬ Brandt muttered. His face was etched in hard lines of grief. The Seeker halted in her pacing. I was surprised to see the conditions she was kept in. She was not stuffed into the tiny cramped hole, but comparatively free, stomping to and fro across the short width of the tunnel. On the floor, against the flat end of the tunnel, were a mat and a pillow. A plastic tray was tilted at an angle against the wall at about the midpoint of the cave; a few jicama roots lay scattered near it with a soup bowl. A little soup was splattered out from where that lay. This explained the clatter I'd just heard-she'd thrown her food. It looked as though she'd eaten most of it first, though. I stared at this relatively humane setup and felt an odd pain in my stomach. Who did we kill? Melanie muttered sullenly. This stung her, too. Ã¢â¬Å"You want a minute with her?Ã¢â¬ Brandt asked me, and the pain stabbed again. Had Brandt ever referred to me using a feminine pronoun? I wasn't surprised that Jeb had done this for the Seeker, but everyone else? Ã¢â¬Å"Yes,Ã¢â¬ I whispered. Ã¢â¬Å"Careful,Ã¢â¬ Aaron cautioned. Ã¢â¬Å"She's an angry little thing.Ã¢â¬ I nodded. The others stayed where they were. I walked down the tunnel alone. It was hard to lift my eyes, to meet the gaze that I could feel like cold fingers pressing against my face. The Seeker was glaring at me, a harsh sneer twisting her features. I'd never seen a soul use that expression before. Ã¢â¬Å"Well, hello there, Melanie,Ã¢â¬ she mocked me. Ã¢â¬Å"What took you so long to come visit?Ã¢â¬ I didn't answer. I walked toward her slowly, trying hard to believe that the hate coursing through my body really did not belong to me. Ã¢â¬Å"Did your little friends think I would talk to you? Spill all my secrets because you carry a gagged and lobotomized soul around in your head, reflecting through your eyes?Ã¢â¬ She laughed abrasively. I stopped two long strides away from her, my body tensed to run. She made no aggressive move toward me, but I could not relax my muscles. This was not like meeting the Seeker on the highway-I didn't have the usual sensation of safety that I felt around the gentle others of my kind. Again, the strange conviction that she would live long after I was gone swept through me. Don't be ridiculous. Ask her your questions. Have you come up with any? Ã¢â¬Å"So, what do you want? Did you request permission to kill me personally, Melanie?Ã¢â¬ the Seeker hissed. Ã¢â¬Å"They call me Wanda here,Ã¢â¬ I said. She flinched slightly when I opened my lips to speak, as if expecting me to shout. My low, even voice seemed to upset her more than the scream she anticipated. I examined her face while she glared at me with her bulging eyes. It was dirty, stained with purple dust and dried sweat. Other than that, there wasn't a mark on it. Again, this gave me an odd ache. Ã¢â¬Å"Wanda,Ã¢â¬ she repeated in a flat voice. Ã¢â¬Å"Well, what are you waiting for? Didn't they give you the okay? Were you planning to use your bare hands or my gun?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I'm not here to kill you.Ã¢â¬ She smiled sourly. Ã¢â¬Å"To interrogate me, then? Where are your instruments of torture, human?Ã¢â¬ I cringed. Ã¢â¬Å"I won't hurt you.Ã¢â¬ Insecurity flickered across her face and then vanished behind her sneer. Ã¢â¬Å"What are they keeping me for, then? Do they think I can be tamed, like your pet soul?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No. They justÃ¢â¬ ¦ they didn't want to kill you until they hadÃ¢â¬ ¦ consulted me. In case I wanted to talk to you first.Ã¢â¬ Her lids lowered, narrowing her protruding eyes. Ã¢â¬Å"Do you have something to say?Ã¢â¬ I swallowed. Ã¢â¬Å"I was wonderingÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ I only had the same question I'd been unable to answer for myself. Ã¢â¬Å"Why? Why couldn't you let me be dead, like the rest of them? Why were you so determined to hunt me down? I didn't want to hurt anyone. I just wantedÃ¢â¬ ¦ to go my own way.Ã¢â¬ She leaped up onto her toes, shoving her face toward mine. Someone moved behind me, but I couldn't hear more than that-she was shouting in my face. Ã¢â¬Å"Because I was right!Ã¢â¬ she shrieked. Ã¢â¬Å"More than right! Look at them all! A vile nest of killers, lurking in wait! Just like I thought, only so much worse! I knew you were out here with them! One of them! I told them there was danger! I told them!Ã¢â¬ She stopped, panting, and took a step back from me, staring over my shoulder. I didn't look away to see what had made her retreat. I assumed it had something to do with what Jeb had just told me-once the guns come up, she backs right down. I analyzed her expression for a moment as her heavy breathing slowed. Ã¢â¬Å"But they didn't listen to you. So you came for us alone.Ã¢â¬ The Seeker didn't answer. She took another step back from me, doubt twisting her expression. She looked oddly vulnerable for a second, as if my words had stripped away the shield she'd been hiding behind. Ã¢â¬Å"They'll look for you, but in the end, they never believed you at all, did they?Ã¢â¬ I said, watching as each word was confirmed in her desperate eyes. It made me very sure. Ã¢â¬Å"So they won't take the search further than that. When they don't find you, their interest will fade. We'll be careful, as usual. They won't find us.Ã¢â¬ Now I could see true fear in her eyes for the first time. The terrible-to her-knowledge that I was right. And I felt better for my nest of humans, my little family. I was right. They would be safe. Yet, incongruously, I didn't feel any better for myself. I had no more questions for the Seeker. When I walked away, she would die. Would they wait until I was far enough not to hear the shot? Was there anywhere in the caves that was far enough for that? I stared at her angry, fearful face, and I knew how deeply I hated her. How much I never wanted to see that face again for the rest of my lives. The hate that made it impossible for me to allow her to die. Ã¢â¬Å"I don't know how to save you,Ã¢â¬ I whispered, too low for the humans to hear. Why did that sound like a lie in my ears? Ã¢â¬Å"I can't think of a way.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Why would you want to? You're one of them!Ã¢â¬ But a spasm of hope sparked in her eyes. Jeb was right. All the bluster, all the threatsÃ¢â¬ ¦ She wanted very much to stay alive. I nodded at her accusation, a little absently because I was thinking hard and fast. Ã¢â¬Å"But still me,Ã¢â¬ I murmured. Ã¢â¬Å"I don't wantÃ¢â¬ ¦ I don't wantÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ How to finish that sentence? I didn't wantÃ¢â¬ ¦ the Seeker to die? No. That wasn't true. I didn't wantÃ¢â¬ ¦ to hate the Seeker? To hate her so much that I wanted her to die. To have her die while I hated her. Almost as if she died because of my hate. If I truly did not want her death, would I be able to think of a way to save her? Was it my hate that was blocking an answer? Would I be responsible if she died? Are you insane? Melanie protested. She'd killed my friend, shot him dead in the desert, broken Lily's heart. She'd put my family in danger. As long as she lived, she was a danger to them. To Ian, to Jamie, to Jared. She would do everything in her power to see them all dead. That's more like it. Melanie approved of this train of thought. But if she dies, and I could have saved her if I'd wanted toÃ¢â¬ ¦ who am I then? You have to be practical, Wanda. This is a war. Whose side are you on? You know the answer to that. I do. And that's who you are, Wanda. ButÃ¢â¬ ¦ but what if I could do both? What if I could save her life and keep everyone here safe at the same time? A heavy wave of nausea rolled in my stomach as I saw the answer I'd been trying to believe didn't exist. The only wall I'd ever built between Melanie and me crumbled to dust. No! Mel gasped. And then screamed, NO! The answer I must have known I would find. The answer that explained my strange premonition. Because I could save the Seeker. Of course I could. But it would cost me. A trade. What had Kyle said? A life for a life. The Seeker stared at me, her dark eyes full of venom.
Thursday, January 2, 2020
The novels The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins and Kindred by Octavia Butler both contain examples of oppression created and/or worsened by the capitalist society in which they are set. In The Hunger Games, Collins creates a futuristic society of severe class inequality in which the children of the poor are killed for the political benefit and entertainment of the rich. Kindred is primarily set on a 19th century American slave plantation and examines the institution slavery in a fictional context. As Lois Tyson puts it, Ã¢â¬Å"getting and keeping economic power is the motive behind all social and political activitiesÃ¢â¬ -- this includes the Games from CollinsÃ¢â¬â¢ novel, and the slave system described in Kindred (Tyson 52). Capitalism creates classismÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Although Katniss naturally resists both consumerism and feminine gender norms, she eventually finds herself forced to conform to these norms in order to appeal to the Capitol-based audience and sponso rs, on whom her survival depends. When she is at home in District 12 she expresses indifference toward romance, and says of GaleÃ¢â¬â¢s popularity with girls: Ã¢â¬Å"It makes me jealous but not for the reason people would think. Good hunting partners are hard to findÃ¢â¬ (Collins 18). Katniss also has little to no interest in her physical beauty and is mainly concerned with appearing strong and intimidating: Ã¢â¬Å"Crying is not an option. There will be more cameras at the train stationÃ¢â¬ (Collins 34). Katniss is unconcerned with conforming to beauty ideals because she does not see her appearance as a pleasant display for others, but rather as a tool to help her project an image that will give her a practical advantage. If she looks tough and intimidating, the sponsors and other tributes will see her as a worthy competitor and not an easy target, increasing her chances of survival. This initially backfires because the people of the Capitol are suspicious of her unconventio nal gender presentation. However, when Katniss becomes aware of this and begins performing femininity to appeal
Wednesday, December 25, 2019
Polity, Constitution and Social Issues Polity Constitution Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It lays down the framework defining fundamental political principles, establishing the structure, procedures, powers and duties, of the government and spells out the fundamental rights, directive principles and duties of citizens. Passed by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, it came into effect on 26 January 1950. The date 26 January was chosen to commemorate the declaration of independence of 1930. It declares the Union of India to be a sovereign, democratic republic, assuring its citizens of justice, equality, and liberty and to promote among them all fraternity. The words socialist, secular and integrityÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The Mission discussed the framework of the constitution and laid down in some detail the procedure to be followed by the constitution drafting body. Elections for the 296 seats assigned to the British Indian provinces were completed by August 1946. The Constituent Assembly first met and began work on 9 December 1946. (Indian Independence Act 1947): The Indian Independence Act, which came into force on 18 July 1947, divided the British Indian territory into two new states of India and Pakistan, which were to be dominions under the Commonwealth of Nations until their constitutions were in effect. The Constituent Assembly was divided into two for the separate states. The Act relieved the British Parliament of any further rights or obligations towards India or Pakistan, and granted sovereignty over the lands to the respective Constituent Assemblies. When the Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950, it overturned the Indian Independence Act. India ceased to be a dominion of the British Crown and became a sovereign democratic republic. Constituent Assembly The Constitution was drafted by the Constituent Assembly, which was elected by the elected members of the provincial assemblies. Jawaharlal Nehru, C. Rajagopalachari, RajendraShow MoreRelatedBorn into Brothels a Documentary by Zana Briski Essay examples1199 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"I am not a social worker. I am not a teacher, even. That is my fear, you know, that I really canÃ¢â¬â¢t do anything. Helping them to get and education is not going to do anything, but without help they are doomed (Born into Brothels, 2004).Ã¢â¬ Zana Briski made this statement in her documentary Born into Brothels, referring to the children of sex workers in Sonagachi. This statement exemplifies child saving, a dominant theme in childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s discourse, that portrays children as vulnerable, innocent, and inRead MoreUttar Hindu Politics Essay888 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthat it brought along itself, thereby giving congress a national identity whose legacy could not be challenged by the merge opposi tion. Uttar Pradesh due to its sheer size and historical importance has always remained to be a key state within the Indian union. The first UP assembly was held in 1951-52. Congress kept on changing ministers to an extent that UP saw the change of five chief ministers in 15 years including the first woman CM Sucheta Kriplani. Fresh elections were called in 1969 afterRead MoreIndividual Cultural Communication: Study of Indian Culture1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction Introduction Indian population seems to be based on two groups, which are genetically dissimilar from each another. This is because they tend to be from other Asians, according to the main DNA survey conducted concerning the Indian heritage to present times. Nowadays, though, most Indians are known to be genetic hotchpotch of both lineages. This is despite the crowded nations known stratified social structure. India comprises of one-sixth of worldwide population, nevertheless theRead MoreNative American Self Determination Movement1441 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageson from this last point the Native American self-determination movement has achieved almost all of its victories without outside help. Indeed many organisations such as the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), Native American Rights Fund (NARF) and National Alaska Native American Indian Nurses Association (NANAINA) are run by and for Native Americans and their interests. As with most civil rights movements but even more the case as Na tive Americans have their own sovereign citizenship, forRead More History of Latino/a Immigration to the U.S. Essay1475 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesnew immigrants, are Ã¢â¬Å"excessively fertile, reluctant to assimilate, lazy and unwilling to learn EnglishÃ¢â¬ (History 324, 10/19/10). This statement is important because the formation of negative comments toward the newcomers places them in an unwanted social bracket, which influences people to conceptualize that immigrants are bad for America. This is also the case for many Latino/a immigrants because there are people who believe that Latino/a immigrants to the U.S. should be restricted. The experienceRead More Struggle Between Hindu and Secular Nationalisms in India Essay examples4524 Words Ã |Ã 19 Pages making their experience important for Americans concerned with these issues. India faces growing action of governing which invites the use of violence to achieve political objectives. In spite of Indias size and importance, it is hard for an American to gain an understanding of the issues and conflicts which have set the stage for the most recent revival of Hindu nationalism. The central feature of this new reform in Indian federal politics is the clash between Hindu and secular nationalists. Read MoreImmigration Act : On Asian American Cultural Politics1060 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageseconomy, polity, and civil society. She claims that the political demands that are left unmet of the terrain of political participation Ã¢â¬Å"erupt into cultureÃ¢â¬ . It is my belief that this eruption into culture Lowe references is the constant disregard of minorities and how it is left unobserved because there has not been any attention paid toward the issue. Lowe makes note that throughout history, people native of the large Asian countries such as the China, Japanese, Korean, (Asian) Indian, have longRead MoreModernization Theory Of India s Democracy1722 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesagrarian and rural population characterized by vast linguistic and ethnic diversity. However, India was able not only to transition to but also consolidate a robust democratic system that has survived for over sixty years. The historical process of Indian democratization challenges the central premise of modernization theory that economic development must precede democratization. The case disproves or refutes the modernization theory, which in term raises questions about its validity. In the contextRead MoreCaste and Politics in India1330 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesprotection from the tyranny of the majority. In the 1930s, he fought for them to have a separate electoral identity and the British made what was known at the time as a communal award. After IndiaÃ¢â¬â¢s independence, Ambedkar led the drafting of the Indian Constitution. Dalits were reserved 17.5 per cent of seats in Parliament and state assemblies. However, when he stood in an election in Mumbai, Ambedkar was defeated by a coalition of high-caste Hindus. In subsequent years, many Dalit leaders wereRead MoreRole of Panchayati Raj Institutions in the Assessment and Identification of Disability1575 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Dr. Seema Singh*, Mrs. Paromita chaubey The 73rd amendment to the Indian constitution (1992) is a landmark in the evolution of Panchayats in India which carved out the third tier of the Indian Political System. Earlier we had only two Tiers - the union and the State governments. Now we have the third tier Ã¢â¬â the panchayats at the village block and district levels. Panchayats have been the backbone o f Indian Villages. From ages they had mainly performed the role of imparting justice
Tuesday, December 17, 2019
skills, logistical infrastructure, and production. SMEs lack in time and skills to implement application to conduct electronic business. Suppliers, employers and customers need to be trained and educated for which many small businesses lack in time and financial capabilities. Dramatic increase in business can also be a threat to SME who cannot satisfy new customer demands. Face-to-face business between suppliers and customers is considered as the strong way of doing business by means of trust so became a barrier for adoption. On the other hand, most of the interviewers specified the benefits of adoption as enhanced customer service, increased speed, improved communication and efficiency of business. Some of the SMEs chosen for this sampleÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Main aim of business to develop IS capability and analyze its impact on e-business and IT strategy. Scholar s and practitioner s future focus will be to develop suitable framework for IT strategy processes. This researc h may help CEO s to understand the present status in Taiwanese business of IT strategy implementation. The recommendations to improve e-business operational performance are: CIO s IT/IS leadership ability, individual level capability, resources allocation, group level capability, knowledge sharing ability, project management capability, departmental collaboration, organization level ability etc. Moreover, organizational performance depends on effective implementation of IT strategy in business instead of overlooking it. This paper examines the relationship between information technology resources, strategic initiative, e-business capabilities and their functions in implementation process. E-business implementation does not always assure super performance because transforming resources into capabilities during implementation process could bring challenges for organization transformation. Resource based view (RBV) is a theory for strategic management that links firm s performance to resources and abilities of organization. The other portion of material focuses on E-business strategy such as strategy initiative, strategy implementation and results associated. Relevant study has shown that firms in ChinaShow MoreRelatedThe Reluctant Receptionit1547 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessound complicated, but logistics is basically the management of stuff, and information regarding the stuff, from one place to another until it reaches the consumer. The logistical management of physical items may include integration of information (such as inventory databases and shipping schedules), material handling, production, packaging, inventory, transportation, distribution, storage, and security for the resources. Example of International Logistics Lets look at a simple example. Just pretendRead MoreThe Military Revolution1574 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSuccession. However, I would like to emphasize that those victories mentioned above were heavily influenced by the skills of the commanding individuals and their roles in the military organizational system rather than a full internalization of the revolutionÃ¢â¬â¢s implications overall. The Duke of Marlborough is a great example of an individual overweighting the flaws of the late 17th century logistical systems to his advantage. By comparison, FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s failure to understand and implement the alterations eventuallyRead MoreDriver Shortage And Its Impact On Quality Of Service Essay1147 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesinadequately packed and stored food products can lead to contamination of food items. Consequently the organisation may have to face stringent legal actions and may suffer reduction in customers. Therefore logistical organisations must follow standard storage and packing a nd guidelines in food production business. This increases handling cost of logistic organisations associated in food business. (Longer-Term Food Supply, 2016) Analysis of Additional Packing and Storage Requirements as a challenge usingRead MoreIntegration Of Engineers And Military History1271 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesInstitution: SLC Class 004-14 Ã¢â¬Æ' Introduction The US military is a national force that is tasked with the duty of protecting the federal state from attacks from external forces. In this respect, the military is obliged to use some special scientific skills. This sees to it that the military combating is done with convenience and effectiveness. In this regard, the military was compelled to integrate engineers in its operations throughout its long history (Arkesian, Connor Sarkesian, 2006). Body TheRead MoreFactors Of Building A New Data Center1145 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"invisibleÃ¢â¬ potential hazards, within the airport system such as their related flight paths, must be an essential part in the final decision making process. 3.1.2 Geo-Political Ownership Considerations Beyond the basic factors related to physical and logistical resources. The political stability of South Africa and the region should be considered because insurance costs and any other cost relating political instability such as currency fluctuation, petrol prices and any economic factors. The ability toRead MoreGlobalization Is The Act Of Physical, Political, Social And Economic Interaction Of People Across The World1672 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescharacterized by container transshipment equipment and structures. These infrastructures are able to serve multiple container ships at the same time. These modern facilities have saved time used in off-loading and loading at the ports. Additionally, the ships were designed to accommodate stacking of containers. New rail facilities were developed to contain the growing traffic in cargo. This included establishing infrastructure that would support specialized railcars (Leinbach Capineri, 2007). TheRead MoreApple s Supply Chain Is A Huge Reason For Its Success1539 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesrespond quickly or their inventory will become obsolete or exceed the anticipated demand. Although their current supply chain setup is working wonders, it does leave them open to risks of shortages and other vendor issues that could slow or stop production. Apple currently relies on massive factories located in China for final assembly. Any man-made or natural disaster at any of these sites could potentially bring AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s supply chain to a standstill. In the future, they may need to diversify theirRead MoreStart Up Research Paper1488 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesStart-up Companies Table of contents Pages 1. Topic: Global Start 2 Introduction Definition 2. Identification of needs of Global Start-ups 3 Introduction Research Development Market development / sales Production / operation Organisation and governance Finance / administration 3. Conclusion 9 Definition of GlobalRead MoreRogers Chokolates1741 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Increase Increase Attractiveness Ã¢ËÅ¡ Decrease Decrease Risky Ã¢ËÅ¡ Decrease Decrease Economies of scale Ã¢ËÅ¡ Increase Decrease Experience Ã¢ËÅ¡ Increase Decrease Capital Requirements Ã¢ËÅ¡ Increase Decrease Networks infrastructure establishment Ã¢ËÅ¡ Increase Decrease New entrants should take into consideration all of the above mentioned factors that would affect their decision in entering this market taking into consideration all the big players already in the marketRead MoreKbr Roles and Responsibilities Within an Organisational Structure2586 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pageshydrocarbon, government services and civil infrastructure sectors. KBRÃ¢â¬â¢s business is based on project management activities. This means it works with clients, providing a wide range of specialist expertise and experience. Examples of projects that KBR supports include: Ã¢â¬ ¢ providing solutions for converting crude oil into transport fuel Ã¢â¬ ¢ designing airports, recreational facilities and educational establishments Ã¢â¬ ¢ creating on-shore and off-shore oil and gas production facilities Ã¢â¬ ¢ helping countries pursue